We will discuss the “Antietam” reading in class on Friday – please make sure that your annotations are complete. In addition, please prepare responses to the following questions (you may write these out in bullet point or full sentence format).
- What is the author’s thesis?
- How was the Battle of Antietam a turning point in the American Civil War? (Hint – start reading on page 94)
- What were Lee’s goals in moving from a defensive strategy to an offensive strategy?
- What was Lincoln’s position on slavery prior to 1863?
- “The Civil War was more that a clash of armies; it was a battle between two societies.” Be prepared to argue for or against this statement – have specific details to support your position.
- Why did both the North and the South each expect Great Britain to support their side of the war? What position did Britain take?
- Consider the components of Just War Theory (see below) – to what extent was the Civil War a just/unjust war?
- How did the improvements in military technology impact the war?
- What impact did the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 have on the war?
- How did the evolving war goals change the military strategy on the ground?
- What was the legacy of Antietam? (Hint – start reading on page 98)
A Just War should be waged:
- Only as a last resort.
- By the legitimate government/authority of a nation
- In response to some “wrong” committed against your nation by the other side.
- With a reasonable chance of success.
- To establish a more perfect state of peace than the conditions that existed prior to the war.
- Using only force/violence justified by (proportional to) the original wrong committed.
- Using weapons that only target soldiers. Great care should be taken to prevent civilian deaths.